In this report, the results of a project in the fourth of a series of studies that Social and Community Planning Research has carried out for the Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL) on the subject of adaption to traffic nuisance are presented. This report presents the results of surveys at Chapel en le Frith and Ely, where there was a decrease in traffic flow (due to new bypasses being built). The research took the form of repeated interviews with a sample of the residents of each site, who thus formed a panel. Results are presented in percentage form or by means of various ratings scales used. Details on these scales is given in Appendix B. Information was obtained on: perceived changes in traffic flow; perceived levels of noise and vibration from traffic; indications of bother, nuisance and disturbance, particularly disturbance to routes taken by pedestrians. The third report dealing with adaption to increases in traffic exposure is published as Contractor Report CR 245. Earlier work by Hedges (1983) and Hedges and Morrissey (1986) was published by Social and Community Planning Research.

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