this report is one of a series of case studies of tunnel projects made from the point of view of site investigation. the site investigation allowed the route of the 14 km long water supply tunnel for the reservoir to be chosen to avoid tunneling in ground affected by faults and valley bulging, and the tunnel depth to be selected within the highly over-consolidated upper lias clay to avoid the overlying water-bearing deposits of the inferior oolite series while keeping well above the underlying marlstone rock bed which contained water under high pressure. special attention was given to investigation of the water regime. construction employed expanding wedge block lining, and tunnelling machines which were successfully modified to deal with bands of hard calcareous clay with limestone nodules that were encountered during the work. a shaft was flooded when water gained access from the marlstone rock bed below, due to fracture of the strata by valley bulging, and de-watering wells were employed. site investigation and construction work for the 1.3 km long reservoir outlet tunnel and shaft is also described. flexible management of the site investigations allowed additional ground information to be readily obtained whenever required. the general implications of the site investigation experience are reviewed.(a)

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