Pedestrian casualties form a large proportion of road user casualties in most developed countries. Car design measures to reduce the severity of pedestrian injuries will also benefit many pedal cyclists and a small number of motor cyclists. Historically, funded by the DETR, TRL undertook a large proportion of the research that has led to the current EEVC pedestrian protection test methods. The aim of the research project 'Pedestrian protection test procedures and design' was to support the development of the EEVC pedestrian test methods and the adoption of these test proposals as an EC Directive. The research project 'Pedestrian protection test procedures and design' commenced in April 1992 and was completed in March 1999. The work in this period included the evaluation and improvement of the test procedures; the assessment and development of the test tools; the reconstruction of accidents to obtain biomechanical data for the femur and pelvis contact with the bonnet leading edge acceptance values; a study of the cost and benefits of improved pedestrian protection and an initial study of the value of using a code of practice to improve the pedestrian protection of bull bars and is summarised in this final report. (A)

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