Nelson is one of five cities and towns involved in the Urban Safety Project, led by the Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL) to demonstrate the effects on accidents and traffic patterns of combining a range of low-cost engineering measures on an area-wide basis. The town is situated in Pendle District on the eastern boundary of Lancashire, has a population of 30000 people in around 11000 households, of which 50% have access to a car. The package of countermeasures introduced to improve the safety of the area was predominantly aimed at restricting or preventing unsafe through traffic movements on a number of residential roads subjected to through traffic, using a number of standard traffic management measures. In order to encourage the use of the main roads by the displaced traffic without adversely effecting their safety, capacity was increased at major junctions by the use of mini-roundabouts. The redistribution of traffic was generally achieved safety, with the mini-roundabouts substantially reducing delays for turning traffic without any general increases in delay on the main roads. Before the scheme 108 injury accidents a year were reported. Of these, just over 40% involved injury to pedestrians, the majority of which were children. After two years of operation of the scheme, the number of reported injury accidents averaged 90 a year. This is estimated to be 7% to 24% lower than would be expected if no changes had taken place. All road user groups benefitted from a greater level of safety in line with the reduction for the area as a whole. Accidents involving child pedestrians where through traffic was eliminated were reduced by much more than the overall average, whereas in the area where through traffic movements were only restricted, and not eliminated, these accidents appear only to have undergone a change of location. This report briefly describes the design and implementation of the scheme and the process of public consultation. The changes in traffic and accident patterns are described with reference to data collected and analyses carried out.

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