In this report a case study of the effects of competition on bus operation is presented. The Blackburn study is defined as comprising the urban districts of Blackburn, Hyndburn and the largely rural district of the Ribble valley. An earlier report (see IRRD 820241) covered the period between December 1985 and March 1987. The findings of this case study are presented in several sections. Following an introduction to the study area, there is a consideration of the changes since deregulation, to the structures of the operating companies, the commercial network and level of competition and changes to supported services. Sections on changes to local bus fares, information and publicity, public reaction, innovation and special needs and community transport then follow. Finally before the conclusions are given, there is a discussion of the general effects of deregulation and privatisation in transport. For the general overview report see IRRD no 853811, for the other case studies see IRRD nos 853813-853817.

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