the paper reviews the findings of earlier groups which have considered the implementation of traffic restraint. it shows that they have been in agreement in seeing parking charges as a starting point for restraint,but a system of entry charges or electronic metering is more likely to be beneficial in the long run.the economic principles of marginal congestion pricing are discussed,showing how net benefits can occur by imposing road pricing,thus increasing the utility of the road network.the effect of environment costs are outlined,and the implications of the wider effects of pricing e.g. redistribution and land use, briefly noted.parking controls as a restraint means are discussed,and the deficiencies highlighted in relation to the stated policy for london.a supplementary licensing system is proposed as the most likely form of entry charges,and pointers are given to the areas requiring more detailed study.the work at the road research laboratory on the development of equipment and systems for road pricing is described.the reasons for selecting a point pricing system are given,and two implementations of point pricing involving either on-vehicle meters,or unique vehicle identification,are detailed.the administrative systems required to back-up this equipment are outlined, with some indication of the areas of uncertainty.the paper concludes with a brief statement regarding the way ahead (a).

Want to know more about this project?