a study was made of the effects on the inhabitants of leeds, of the removal of almost all bus services for five weeks in april-may 1978. the main source of information was a household survey which took place shortly after the resumption of services. the lack of bus services had a serious effect on the life of the city; nearly half the households interviewed said that they found it 'very difficult' or 'fairly difficult'. there was a major redistribution of trade with about 40 per cent fewer grocery shopping trips to the city centre and an increase in business at local suburban shops. many workers had difficulty travelling to work and school children to school. overall both groups took about 4 1/2 minutes longer on average on their journeys. in addition 40 per cent of the people who would normally have used buses for such purposes as social visits and going to the doctor were unable to make any such trips.(a)

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