A study has been undertaken by TRL on behalf of Transport for London (TfL) to review the literature on the factors affecting pedestrian behaviour. In particular the review investigates ways in which pedestrian behaviour might be influenced (in ways most acceptable to pedestrians and other road users) to reduce the numbers of casualties on London’s roads.
Although walking has declined it remains a very common mode of travel. People of almost all ages, both sexes and in all walks of life, walk, set against a background of steadily increasing vehicle numbers and traffic levels. Londoners are believed to demonstrate both relatively high walking distances per person and high casualty rates compared to other British people, as they have a lower car use and therefore spend more time walking to the bus stop and train station.
In addition to the factors affecting pedestrian behaviour and attitudes (particularly with regard to crossing the road), the study reviews data concerning pedestrian collisions and considers possible interventions to reduce casualties, and which measures would be most appropriate for different types of road in London.

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