Mortality statistics show the need to investigate why children in the lowest socio-economic group are much more likely to be killed as pedestrians in road traffic accidents than their counterparts in the highest socio-economic groups. The objective of the study reported here, was to assess the role of socio-economic and environmental factrors in child pedstrian accidents.

A literaure review was carried out (Christie 1995) which indicated that exposure, attitude of the parent or adult carer and environmental hazard may explain the high accident rate of children in low socio-econmomic groups. THe survey comprised in-depth home interviews amongst 152 school children injured as pedestrians and control sample of 484 school children. A parent or adult carer for each child was also interviewed. A survey of environmental features of the roads where the children lived was also carried out. The surveys took place in Bradford, Bristol, London, Merthyr Tydfil and Reading.

Data were collected about the child's exposure on the the school journey and whilst playing in the street. The child's parent or adult carer was asked about their home environment and about personal characteristics such as ethnic origin, marital status and work situation. The parent's or adult carer's responses to statements about the accident risk of children in traffic and the responsibilities for safeguarding them wre also recorded.

Logistics regression modelling was used to analyze the data to identify characteristics associated with accident group membership. A breakdown of these characteristics by socio-economic group was carried out. The implications of findings are discussed with reference to other studies. Potential remedial measures are offred and areas requiring furthder research identified.

Want to know more about this project?