As part of a study to examine transport policies to conserve energy, surveys on car ownership and use were carried out in four urban centres in Kenya during 1981. Data on household characteristics and car ownership were collected in a series of work-place interviews. Respondents from households which owned a car were asked to compile a journey log for one week to provide a detailed record of their car use. Car ownership was found to correlate well with household income according to a quasi-logistic relationship. The report examines single and multi-car ownership and the effect of household income on the type of vehicle owned. By comparing ownership data with similar data collected in 1970, conclusions are drawn about trends over time. Car travel and occupancy are analysed by income group and journey purpose and implications of the results for fuel conservation policy are discussed.

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