The development of public transport in medium size Indian cities (with a population of 0.5 to 1.0 million) has followed different paths. Some cities have adopted a conventional approach in which State operated stage-carriage buses are the main carrier. Others have left the provision of public transport services to the activities of private enterprise, which has led to the domination of the sector by intermediate public transport (minibuses and rickshaws). This report compares and contrasts the provision of public transport in three second order cities in India (viz: Vadodara, Jaipur and Patna) which reflect these wide differences. Performance, costs and the use of different modes are compared in order to assess some of the relative merits of these different approaches. An assessment is also made of the cost implications for Patna of replacing the traditional public transport modes (cycle rickshaws) by more conventional modes (buses). This study was undertaken as part of a joint research programme in 1983-85 sponsored by the Association of State Road Transport Undertakings (N Delhi), the Central Institute for Road Transport (Pune), the Town and Country Planning Organisation (N Delhi) and the Overseas Unit of the Transport and Road Research Laboratory. (A)

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