in december 1972 traffic along a 1 km length of oxford street, london w1 was reduced by regulations restricting its use as a through route to buses, taxis, invalid carriages and bicycles. because of the reduction in traffic flow it was possible to widen footways and to provide amenity items. a survey of pedestrian travel shows that the scheme has not attracted more people to the street, nor was any change observed in the proportions of people in the different age and sex groups. only two significant changes were recorded, fewer people walked to the area (more people using the underground railway), and the proportion of shoppers whose intended destination was an oxford street shop increased. the lack of change in trip behaviour and numbers of pedestrians present is probably due to two factors - 1. oxford street still has a high volume of buses and taxis on its remaining two lanes. 2. the attractiveness and reputation of the area were probably so great that the relatively minor changes in amenity had little impact. oxford street's situation might well be regarded as exceptional: similar schemes elsewhere may show greater changes, as occurred in leeds. (a)

Want to know more about this project?