Sections 63 to 77 of the Road Traffic Act 1991 decriminalise most on-street parking offences within a Special Parking Area (SPA) or a Permitted Parking Area (PPA). Following approval by the Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions, traffic authorities may introduce Special Parking Areas, in which they can enforce most on-street parking regulations through the issue of Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs), or the authorisation of wheel clamping, or vehicle removal. Any excess income generated may be used by the traffic authority to improve parking within the area, undertake minor road improvements, or enhance public transport services. Oxfordshire County Council received authorisation to introduce a provincial SPA within the City of Oxford in February 1997 (the first provincial SPA having been introduced in the District of Winchester in the previous May). The Oxford SPA covered the whole of the area within the city administrative boundary and also included the adjoining parish of North Hinksey. This report presents the results of the monitoring exercise undertaken by TRL. (A)

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