TfL is introducing innovative infrastructure for cyclists across the capital to improve safety and increase levels of cycling among all types of people in London. The purpose of this report is principally to present the findings of research on two relatively new infrastructure innovations for cyclists ‘Hold the Left’ (HTL) and ‘Early Release’ (ER) that have been implemented at some signalised junctions. The work has also generated data on the use of two-stage turn facilities (2ST). Research questions were agreed for each innovation. These required video surveys, to record natural human behaviour, complemented by questionnaires to better understand how users perceive these facilities.

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